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Which Countries Produce the Most Gem Diamonds?

Once centered in Africa, diamond production now occurs in many countries throughout the world.

Diamond producing countries

This map shows the fifteen countries with the highest production of diamonds between 2008 and 2013. The map clearly shows that diamond production occurs in many different parts of the world. Map by Geology.com and MapResources. Data from USGS Mineral Commodity Summary.

World Diamond Demand

Diamonds are by far the favorite gemstone of jewelry shoppers in the United States. More than nine out of every ten dollars that they spend on gemstones goes to diamonds. The United States is the largest consumer of gem quality diamonds in the world, accounting for about 1/3 of all diamond purchases.

Although the United States is the largest consumer of gem quality diamonds it has no commercial mine production. The only location in the United States that currently produces gem-quality diamonds is the Crater of Diamonds State Park in Arkansas where tourists can pay a small fee to prospect and keep any diamonds that they find. In an exceptional year the Park will produce a few hundred carats. This lack of domestic production requires the United States to import virtually all of its diamond consumption.

What Countries Produce Gem Diamonds?

Since the 1870's most of the world's gem-quality diamonds have been mined in Africa. The diamond production map above shows the fifteen countries with the highest recent production of gem-quality diamonds for a recent five-year period.

The map illustrates that diamond production has spread to many parts of the world. Diamond production in Russia and Canada has grown rapidly and these countries diversify the geographic distribution of gem-quality diamond production.
(Compliments of Geology.Com)

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